Tubal ligation reversal

Tubal ligation reversal Risks & Procedure

Tubal ligation is a process that is a form of permanent birth control. However, permanent does not mean that the process is not reversible. To that end, there is a procedure called the tubal ligation reversal. The goal of this process is to undo the damage done or the modifications made to the fallopian tubes in order to block it.

Following happens with the Tubal ligation process:

  • The blocked fallopian tubes are reconnected.

  • As a result of that, the eggs are allowed to propagate to the egg.

The condition for a tubal ligation reversal to be successful is this:

The damage done to be fallopian tubes should be minimum.

What are the factors that dictate the success of the tubal ligation reversal?

The factors that dictate the tubal ligation process to be a success are the following: 

  • The type of ligation that you have had,

  • Your age and body mass index

  • How much of your fallopian tubes are damaged?

  • How much undamaged fallopian tubes are remaining.

  • What is the quality of sperm or the eggs?

Preparation for the procedure

In preparation of this procedure, you need to inquire the doctor about the following:

  • Details of the procedure.

  • What is the likelihood that the process will be a success?

  • Are there other options for pregnancy if this process does not work as planned?

During and after the procedure

During the procedure:

  • This procedure is going to happen under general anesthesia.

  • The doctors will use laparoscopic or robotic surgical types of equipment for this procedure. 

  • A small incision will be made to have a pathway for the specialized instruments to work. 

  • Using these techniques, the doctors are going to try to reconnect your fallopian tubes. 

After the procedure:

  • Once the process is over with, you will stay in the hospital for a few hours to stabilize.

  • After that, you will be sent home

  • For one or two weeks, you will need to rest

  • Remember to follow up with your doctor to make sure that you heal properly. 

What are the risks associated with a tubal ligation?

  • You might not get the pregnancy back after the procedure is over with. If the damage done to the ligation tube is large, then the chance of getting your pregnancy back is low.

  • Bleeding

  • Infection

  • The fallopian tubes might scar

  • You can develop certain complications to anaesthesia.

  • There can be a chance for you have an ectopic pregnancy where the eggs end up implanting outside the uterus. 


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Dr. Madhu Goel

Senior Gynecologist and a Senior Consultant

Dr. Madhu Goel is a well renowned senior gynaecologist and a senior consultant at Fortis La femme, New Delhi. She runs a private consultation in Goel’s surgery and Gynea centre and prior to being associated with Fortis; she was a consultant a Rockland Hospital.